Title of Protiva Basu short story The Marooned

Mir Hassan

 Title of Protiva Basu's short story The Marooned

Title of Protiva Basu short story The Marooned

Title of Protiva Basu short story The Marooned |Justify the title of  Protiva Basu’s short story ‘The Marooned’ Analysis of the of short story 'The Marooned' by Protiva Basu. |The title: The Marooned short story Protiva Basu.| Title of Protiva Basu short story The Marooned Partition Literature

Justify the title of  Protiva Basu’s short story ‘The Marooned’

 Protiva Basu is widely regarded as a pioneering figure in Bengali literature. She was among the first women to write about social. Her literary contributions have had a profound and lasting impact on Bengali culture and society. Her debut novel was 'Monolina.' Her othernotable works are ‘Ghumera pākhirā eba’ , ‘Mātra daśa dina’, ‘Ujjvala uddhāra’, ‘Calaccitrāita kāhinī’ kāhinī’ . Basu's writing style is characterized by its simplicity and clarity, making her works both thought-provoking and easy to comprehend. She writes about the plight of women and the exploitation of girls under the strict rules of masculinity. Her works are a testament to her unwavering commitment to social justice and equality.

The present story "The Marooned" outlines the story of partition and its aftermath. The story reminds us of Khushwant Singh’s "Train to Pakistan" and  Manik Bandopadhyay’s ‘The Final Solution ', as they offer insight into this tragic event. Basu, uses Bindubashini, the protagonist of the story, to explore the violence and trauma that women experienced during this tumultuous time. Bindubashini's plight is representative of every woman's struggle during the partition. Similar to Mallika in 'The Final Solution', Bindubashini also faced harrowing experiences during the partition. 

The Women were subjected to violence at various levels, including communal, familial, and micro levels. They were raped, abducted, and killed, and were even forced to commit suicide, falling prey to the horrors of this period.

 The Title of the story ‘Marooned’ is very significant from the thematic standpoint of the story. The term "marooned" typically refers to being stranded in a desolate place, often with little hope of rescue or escape. So the title is aptly chosen as Bindubashini and her family were trapped by  Keshabananda.

Bindubashini lived with her daughter-in-law and two granddaughters, having lost both her husband and son. They had been leading a normal life in East Bengal until the claws of partition tore through their existence. The family was forced to flee their native land and seek refuge in West Bengal to escape the violence of the Hindu-Muslim riots.

Like many other refugees, they crossed the border, but unfortunately, violence followed them to the refugee camp in Boarder.  In the camp, Bindubashini's daughter-in-law, Uttara, felt ‘a rough, harsh, masculine hand which hastily drew itself away in the dark.' The greedy and frauds like Keshabananda came in the mask of Sadhu to help many refugees only for his personal interest. Keshabananda said, 'the mission of his life was service to mankind and he had dedicated his life to the service of the refugees'.

Keshabananda took Bindubashini and her family to his ashram, 'Abalbandhab Samiti’. However, under the guise of providing shelter for women, Keshabananda initiated a chain of exploitative business practices involving the female residents of the ashram. Like Mallika in ‘The Final Solution’ Uttara desperately needed a job to help her family. Uttara accepted a job as a caretaker for the two daughters of a widower in hopes of improving her family's dire financial situation. But  Keshabananda had other plans for her. He coerced her into engaging in prostitution, all under the guise of employment.

Actually, Keshabanada like Pramatha in 'Final Solution' seduced women in the name of giving money and shelter in their dire need of hunger. Kesabananda was not only satisfied to seduce Uttara and he repeatedly played with the trust of the grand-daughter of Bindhubasini Milu. He took away Milu on the pretext of making her meet with her mother and sold her to lecherous Sashisekhar. He molested the 14 years girl.  


In the end, Bindhubashi was pushed out from the running jeep by Keshbabnanda as she was a useless old woman not suitable for business. She stretched out her hands for help from Keshabanda but he went away quickly with the jeep. Her body crashed to the ground and her head banged against a boulder. Whom did she find to give her company in her last breath, -' Her dear bouma Uttara, her darling, the apple of her eyes, her only grandchild Milu !'?. But no one was there to pick her up. What did she get at the last moment but nothing? Leaving everything behind, she started her journey to an unknown land


 Thus The title The Marooned" carries a metaphorical connotation. It symbolizes being trapped or isolated in one's own circumstances. The Title, 'The Marooned' symbolically indicates a place of isolation. When Bindhubashi was in Bengal, She lost her son and husband. Crazed with the fear of communal riots, she had to leave all the properties of land behind and the huge mansion decorated with 'Chandeliers with hundred and fifty candles'. She had to leave 'forty tolas of gold, three Benarasi sarees, two sets of silver service and copper and brass set' in East Bengal. Even in India, Bindhubashi lost one by one the living property of her daughter-in-law Uttara, and her two grand-daughters due to the partition. When she went out to search for all the other three persons, she met death by cruel fate. "Where was going? Leaving them all behind in a strange country." Actually, she lost everything - property, relatives, and her life at last. So the title is appropriate.



 Important essay-type questions Questions from
‘The Marooned’ by  Protiva Basu

1)“Partition, like wars and other forms of violence, affected women differently than it affected men.”


2) Discuss with reference to the harrowing experiences of  Bindubashini and her family members in Protiva Basu’s ‘The Marooned’.


‘Violence against women  during partition’ ---- Analyse with the context of the short story, ‘The Marooned’

3) Bindubashini’s plight is primarily a women’s plight in  Protiva Basu’s short story, ‘The Marooned’ . Would you agree with this view? Give reasons


4) *Show how Bindubashini and her family suffer after crossing the border of India.

5 )Justify the title of in Protiva Basu’s  short story ‘The Marooned’

5) Protiva Basu “The Marooned” depicts how women ‘s bodies became the sites  of sexual violence during the partition .
 Do you agree? Discuss

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q. 1 What is this post all about?

A: This post is about the Title of Protiva Basu's short story The Marooned of Partition Literature

Q. 2 Who wrote the short story ‘The Marooned’?

A: Protiva Basu wrote short story The Marooned

Q. 3 Who is the protagonist of the story ‘The Marooned’?

A: Bindubashini is the protagonist of the story ‘The Marooned’.

Q. 4 Who was Uttara in Protiva Basu short story The Marooned?

A: Uttara was the daughter–in–law of  Bindubashini in Protiva Basu short story The Marooned

Q.5 Where did Bindubashini and her family arrive first in India in Protiva Basu short story The Marooned ?

A: Bindubashini and her family arrive at Bongaon

Q. 6 Who were Milu and Bulu in Protiva Basu short story The Marooned?

A: Milu and Bulu were the grand-daughters of Bindubashini in Protiva Basu's short story The Marooned

Q.7 What was the name of Sadhu who escorted Milu and Billu to Kolkata in in Protiva Basu short story The Marooned?

A: The name the sadhu was Keshabananda escorted Milu and Billu to Kolkata in  Protiva Basu short story The Marooned.

Q.8 what did Keshabananda say about his mission in Protiva Basu short story The Marooned.?

A:  Keshabananda said “'the mission of his life was service to mankind and he had dedicated his life to the service of the refugees'.

Q. 9 Where did Keshabananda, the Sadhu, take the family of  Bindubashini in Protiva Basu short story The Marooned?

A: Keshabananda, took  the family of  Bindubashini  in a car to Kolkata in his Ashram beside of the Ganga river in Protiva Basu short story The Marooned.

Q.10  How old Milu in Protiva Basu's short story The Marooned?

A: Milu, the grand-daughter of Bindubashini, was fourteen- years (14) in Protiva Basu short story The Marooned




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